Drill pipe is made from steel piping and is hollow with thick walls. It is used both vertically on drilling rigs and horizontally in horizontal directional drilling applications. It is available in several sizes, weights, and strengths. The typical drill pipe is 30 to 33 feet long, and is hollow so that drilling fluid may be pumped through it into the bore hole. Although drill pipe is most commonly associated with the oil and gas industries, it is also used for underground construction where holes need to be bored horizontally. Drill pipe is sometimes used for drilling water wells too.
What Is Required of Drill Pipe?
Drill pipe must be manufactured to exacting specifications. It must be able to support its own weight in drilling strings that may go more than a mile deep into the earth's crust. As you might surmise, case-hardened drill pipes are expensive. For this reason, industries generally reuse them after the well is completed, replacing them with less expensive tubular casing during operation. The used drill pipe is inspected, sorted, and stored for use later on new drill sites. Special instruments are used by inspectors to look for defects in the drill pipe's metallurgy that could cause it to fracture in a future drilling operation.
The Various Parts of a Drill Pipe
Drill pipes are attached together to create a drill string. Drill pipe manufacturers have to make drill pipe that conforms to standards that allow it to withstand the extremely demanding conditions of a well bore. Drill pipe provides the fluid stream that is used for drilling and pumping out mud, and it undergoes rotating motion so that the drill bit can drill into the earth. Heavy weight drill pipe has a higher tensile strength than regular drill pipe and is placed near the top of the drill string for support.
Choosing Among Drill Pipe Manufacturers
Choosing a drill pipe manufacturer is obviously a very important task. The drill pipe matched to a particular task must be able to support the load placed on it, and hence yield strength of the pipe is a critical factor. If a drill pipe is unable to support the necessary load, it becomes deformed, and at that point cannot be recovered even if the load is removed from it. Deformation of drill pipe reduces its strength, and this could cause it to collapse altogether. Companies that manufacture drill pipe must have rigid inspection standards to ensure that it conforms to applicable international standards.
Drill Pipe Maintenance
To make drill pipe last as long as possible, it must be cleaned thoroughly between uses, and the threads, tube body, sealing shoulder, and joint dimensions must all be inspected after use. The internal coating of the drill pipe should be inspected and reapplied if necessary because drill pipes can succumb to environmental conditions without the proper protective coating. During use, rod threads must be kept clean with the use of thread protectors to keep them in good working order. Without proper maintenance and inspection, an operator may not get more than 65% or so of the life they could expect from their drill pipes.
Step One: Get to know your tools.
If you are to learn how to install ceramic tile flooring the right way, then you must start with having the right tools. You can buy most of the tools you'll need for working on your floor tiling at your local hardware store or home center. For equipment that might be too expensive to purchase like a tile cutter, or hand held micro cutter, try your local home center or tool rental yard. They may have the tools you'll need at affordable rental prices, or even at discount. And if you're a newbie at tiling work, they may even help you with information. Here are most of the basic tools you will need for your tiling job:
a) These would include safety clothing and gear like a pair of safety glasses, heavy leather gloves, and long-sleeved work clothes. These are useful especially if your tiling work involves taking out the existing ceramic tiles. Broken shards and other debris from tearing out the ceramic tiles can cause nasty cuts.
b) Carpentry tools like a tape measure, a carpenter's square and a bubble level.
c) A tile cutter (which you can rent), some tile spacers, a putty knife, a trowel (preferably, the notched kind), and a rubber grout float.
d) Mortar material for bonding your tiles to your subfloor surface, like a thin set mortar, or tile adhesive, tiling grout and sealant.
Step Two: Prepare your subfloor before installing your tiles.
This is where the tiling procedure begins. It would be a great experience for you to learn how to install ceramic tile by learning about the type of floors you will be putting your tiles on. Always check for cracks and debris when If you're working on a concrete subfloor. Make it is smooth and clean. Repair as many of the cracks as you can. If you see cracks that are too large to repair, replace the floor section where they are found with new concrete. For plywood subfloors, be sure that the wood is at least 1 and 1/8 inches thick and is supported by an equally strong underlayment. Otherwise, your ceramic tiles will dislodge easily, or worse, break and need replacing.
An existing ceramic tile floor may add another stage to your tiling job, and present something of a challenge for you. You'll need to tear out the existing tiles. For starters, all you need to do is use a large flat-bladed chisel and a mallet, and just hammer away. Then, you'll need to clean out the debris. If you to smoothen your subfloor -- you may want to rent a sander to do the job. Be sure to keep yourself protected. Use heavy-duty leather work gloves, safety glasses, and long-sleeved work clothes.
Step Three: Do the measurements. To know where to start and how to install ceramic tile on your subfloor, begin by measuring the length and width of your floor. This will help you estimate the number of ceramic floor tiles you will need to purchase. Then, find the center point of your floor area. You Measure across floor area and mark the center. Do this in opposite direction and mark the center, as well. The intersection of the two lines is the center of the floor area where you can start your tiling work. To help with your tiling, run chalk lines over the intersection lines. These chalk lines will help you with how to install ceramic tile and help you keep your tiling straight and organized.
Step Four: Start work on your ceramic tile installation
Your first tile should be placed at the intersection of the two lines you made. Then, bond it to your subfloor by using a thin set mortar, or a tile adhesive of your choice. Using a notched trowel for applying the mortar is best on how to install ceramic tile. But you may actually use the more common trowel variety is you don't have one. To secure the ceramic tile in its place, press down while twisting it back and forth till the tile no longer is set. If some of the mortar or adhesive oozes out, use your trowel (or a damp sponge) to scrape off the excess. Do this process over with the next tile, and so on and so forth, until you've finished your ceramic floor tiling.
Step Five: Finish your tiling job by putting in the tiling grout and sealant
After your ceramic floor tiles have set, it's time to put the tiling grout in. Tiling grout is a material that you should know more about when you want to know how to install ceramic tile flooring. Grout is tiling material made cement, sand and water, and a little color. It is used to fill in gaps and seal in the spaces between tiles. Tiling grout comes in a wide variety of color tints that may be matched to your tile color. Use a rubber grout float and work the tiling grout into the gaps between the tiles. Use your grout float at an angle so that you can fill in the joint gap with as much tiling grout as possible.
Once you're done with applying grout along the tile gaps, wipe off the excess grout with a damp sponge. Rinse the sponge frequently to get as much of the excess grout off, and keep each tile clean. You have the option of applying a sealant to the grout lines after they dry.
Of course, make sure that you give time for the grout to dry before applying the sealant. These setting periods last overnight, at the very least, to twenty-four hours, at the most. Your sealant has dried, you are done! Congratulations! Now, you know how to install ceramic tile flooring.
Untreated lumber can be a major problem when it comes to exporting and importing because it has a tendency to spread pests. However, the U.S. has instituted the heat treatment program as a way to curb this problem. This is why lumber for export must be treated with heat or with methyl bromide fumigation.
Exported lumber falls under the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures, which is known in the industry as ISPM15. The International Plant Protection Convention adopted these measures as a way to keep pests from spreading between countries that are importing or exporting wood and other types of plants. ISPM15 is the standard all heat treated lumber for export must follow. Even wood that is used as packing material must follow these guidelines.
One of the biggest problems with exporting heat treated lumber is making sure that the proper mark gets on the product before it gets loaded onto the ship or aircraft that is transporting it.
The international heat treatment programs require that the quality or treatment mark on the product meet these standards:
* It must contain the trademark of the agency, also known as the logo or official symbol of the accredited agency.
* It must identify the facility. A number is used to tell where the product came from, the name of the manufacturer, and the brand.
* It must indicate whether the product is heat treated or methyl bromide treated.
* It must have the proper country code.
* The international symbol indicating that the product meets IPPC standards for lumber for export must be part of the stamp.
* Heat treated lumber for export that will be used as wood dunnage must be marked with the letters DUN.
It is important to realize that no company or individual can create their own mark according to these guidelines. Every manufacturer of heat treated lumber for export must be registered with the proper accrediting agencies. But the good news is that once lumber has been treated and marked properly for export, that treatment does not expire, no matter how long it has been since the treatment. The only exception to the rule is if the wood has been either recycled or repaired.
All business owners and managers dealing with imports and exports of any kind should take steps to understand international laws and guidelines dealing with lumber for export - even if that lumber is simply being used as packaging material. This is one of those details that can easily get overlooked, especially if you are concerned with your product getting to another country in good shape. But when you are talking about exports, everything - even the packaging - is under scrutiny. You don't want to be responsible for the spread of pests, and you don't want to deal with having your products destroyed because you did not follow international rules and regulations.
International law is certainly nothing to mess around with. You need a company that understands the finer details of importing and exporting. This will help give your business a leg up against the competition. Every business owner needs all of his suppliers and vendors looking for him. If they aren't, then it's time to get new ones.
Bathroom tiles are the most detailed aspect of your bathroom design. Bathroom tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics. Tiles are often made from ceramics, with a hard glaze finish, but other materials are also commonly used, such as marble, glass, granite, and slate.
Bathroom tiles are available in all types of quality, colors, sizes, patterns, textures, styles and shapes and the options are virtually infinite. Choosing your bathroom tiles forms an important part of bathroom design and decor. Bathroom tiles are making a big come back. Tiling is more popular than ever. Tile shops are opening up everywhere. The market is expected to grow by over 15% by 2011 and its not surprising when you look at the choices available to the consumer.
Bathroom tiles are quick to dry so theres less risk of you slipping on wet puddles. They are also easy to clean, and replacing cracked tiles doesnt require much time and effort from you. Bathrooms that are decorated in tiles have a unique flair that many modern day bathrooms lack - they are classic, aged and beautiful.
Mosaic tiles are very popular among people as decorative tiles. Mosaic bathroom tiles come in various designs and styles and there are those that can be applicable for both residential and commercial projects. Walls can be made attractive by creating murals with mosaic tiles. Mosaic tiles are expensive; so, if you dont want to tile up the entire wall with these tiles, you can create a small design around the shower, backsplash or wash area.
Bathroom tiles serve a lot of purpose inside your comfort spot. One of which is that it adds color to the general theme of your bathroom set-up. Bathroom tiles also helps in preventing the walls get moist from water. As a result these ceramic tiles increase the life of the building. Bathroom tiles set the mood of the room. Before making a change to tile, carefully consider the color scheme possibilities.
Ceramic tiles are polished in many ways. Some of the polishing offers a glossy look, while the other types of polishing offers a matt look to the ceramic tiles and if the homemaker so wishes, the polished porcelain can provide a rustic look. Ceramic tile installation is not as easy as it looks. So before you begin tearing out anything from the floor, take a few and learn more about what you need to prepare for, when starting on installing your new ceramic tiles. Ceramic tiles are by far the most commonly used material for bathrooms. This glazed, ceramic based tile cleans easily, is nonporous, and is available in many colors, sizes, and shapes.
Bathroom tiles have evolved greatly in the last centuries. The Romans used floor tiles in many of their homes especially those that belonged to the nobility. Bathroom tiles should be large. This creates a feeling of space. Bathroom tiles might look pretty, but unless you understand the precise skill of getting them up there it can be a nightmare. From buying the right style and quantity of tiles through to cementing, getting the spacing right and finally grouting, the process is one that definitely requires practice although is by no means unattainable on your first attempt.
Remember to do your homework and find the best contractor for the job and not just the cheapest.
A bench saw is a must-have for nearly any carpenter's or handyman's tool chest, and the good thing about them is that they have really come down in price over the past few years.
When planning on a gift for the do-it-yourself type of person, it is one gift that shouldn't be overlooked. Let's look at how to choose the best one, which is also known as a table saw to some people.
The accuracy, portability and mount and motor system of the saw that you choose will factor into your purchasing decision.
If you intend to use the saw only at home, then you can go for a regular bench saw or table saw that sets up on a bench or table. If you plan to take the saw along with you on the worksite, then you will want to purchase a saw that is portable, and there are tons of options for both stationary saws that stay in your workshop once set up and for those that you can pack along with you no matter where you go.
You also want to pay attention to the way that the motor and the blade are mounted - this is a very important feature. Smaller types will have the motor mounted on a single bracket located on the side that will allow the saw to pivot and in turn, raise the blade or lower it for cutting. Bigger bench saws often use guide rods or tracks that are placed symmetrically in order to allow for quick adjustments of the blade on the fly. This is a more accurate sawing system that works to reduce the vibration of the blade and the motor and allow for the most precise cuts.
Accessories for the bench saw are also important, and make the saw even more functional. You might also consider a bench saw accessory stand that will keep your accessories all within easy reach and add to the life of the accessories themselves.
Lumber is the name used, generally in North America, for wood that has been cut into boards or other shapes for the purpose of woodworking or construction. Lumber or timber is wood in any of its stages from felling through readiness for use as structural material for construction, or wood pulp for paper production.
Lumber is supplied either rough or finished. Rough lumber is the raw material for furniture making and other items requiring additional cutting and shaping. It is available in many species and sizes. They can be of the low-est sizes or big ones. Finished lumber is supplied in standard sizes, mostly for the construction industry, and is primarily one of a few coniferous needle-bearing species such as pine, hemlock, fir or spruce.
Types of Lumber
Western Lumber: It is known for its ease of workmanship and nailing as well as strength and dimensional stability. It can be classified as High Quality Appearance, General Purpose Board or Radius-Edged Patio Decking Grade.
Redwood: Most redwood sold is heartwood and sapwood grade. Heartwood contains natural barriers to termites and decays and is suited for applications that come into contact with the ground. Sapwood contains cream-colored streaks. It should not be used in contact with the ground.
Southern Pine: It has high strength, resistance to wear and holds fasteners well. It is often used in homes and other structures. It has the highest quality and best appearance.
Treated Lumber: It resists weather, termites and fungus. Treatment involves chemical preservatives force deep into the cells in the wood under pressure.
Treated wood still absorbs water, and the treatment is not considered waterproof, but rather decay-proof.
There are many Lumber manufacturers like Burton Lumber Corporation, Lovvorn Lumber Corporation, Langmeier Lumber Inc., and many others. The process of manufacturing lumber in all these corporations is the same.
Steps for Lumber Manufacturing:
* The trees are felled and cut to a particular length and then they are transported to a loading location.
* Then logs are taken to the sawmill. A sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into boards.
* After logs are cut into various sizes, they are sorted by species, size and end use (lumber, plywood, chips).
* Then the logs go through a debarker to remove bark.
* The head rig, or primary saw, breaks the log down into sawn pieces. This can be the most critical part of manufacturing.
* Irregular edges and defects are trimmed off to create four-sided lumber. The trimmer squares off ends, usually at typical lumber lengths.
* Lumber is segregated by thickness and width. At the rough lumber stage, the product can take two different paths, depending on whether the final product will be produced as unseasoned (green) or dry. For dry products, the lumber is stacked with spacers (stickers) to allow air flow across all surfaces of the wood. Green products skip these steps and move directly to the planer. Most dry lumber is dried in kilns using steam. Some products are air-dried, with the moisture evaporating naturally. The planer puts a smooth surface on the lumber and makes it uniform in width and thickness.
* A grader assesses the characteristics on each piece and assigns an appropriate grade. Most lumber is graded according to final use: structural, appearance or factory (remanufactured into other products).
* Products of the same grade and size are packaged and shipped by truck, rail car, barge or ship to market.
Lumber is wood that is to be used for building, construction, paper, or other similar purposes. Lumber can refer to the wood at any point of the manufacturing process, including before it is processed, and after it has been formed into logs or boards. They are used widely and so their manufacturing knows no ends. Manufacturers like Burton Lumber Corporation, Lovvorn Lumber Corporation, Langmeier Lumber Inc, manufactures them in large numbers.
When you are doing renovations to any room in your house, the flooring you choose can make or break your decor. Whether in the kitchen, bedroom, or living areas, the flooring can help create a comfortable and inviting atmosphere. Here are some very popular choices for flooring to consider when you are doing your home renovations: Bamboo Anything eco-friendly has been growing in popularity and will likely continue to be popular for a long time. Bamboo is one of the favorite choices for environmentally-friendly building material, and makes excellent flooring. The light wood offers a bright and clean look to any room. Best of all, bamboo comes from a sustainable source, so you are contributing to a happier, healthier earth as well as your home. Repurposed Wood Another environmentally friendly and super trendy choice for flooring is repurposed wood. This flooring has a chic rustic look and looks great throughout the home. Repurposed wood flooring looks somewhat like hardwood, but has a more rustic flair and a bit more character. Even better, using repurposed flooring comes with a free story to tell visitors. Hardwood Speaking of hardwood, it never goes out of style. Hardwood is absolutely classic and always looks great in any situation. Not only is it beautiful, but it is practical as well. The only thing that tends to change regarding trends for hardwood is the colors. Right now darker wood and grays are the most popular. Concrete An industrial look is another trend that has proven to be not just another passing craze. An industrial-looking floor and appliances with soft, chic adornments is absolutely trendy and the contrasting styles go so well together. Concrete flooring might sound like an odd choice, but it is very popular. Of course, concrete flooring doesn't look anything like the floor in a parking lot like you might think. Instead, concrete floors are poured and then shined to a polished sheen and can easily be painted if desired. Concrete flooring is ultrachic, very practical, and extremely cost effective. New Laminate Options For renovators on a budget, there are a lot of new laminate options available. Unlike the laminate flooring of the past, these new laminate flooring options look very much like the real thing. Hardwood laminates, tile laminates, and more are now easily obtained and even easier to install. Not only can they save you tons of money, but they also look amazing. The flooring throughout your home is a vital part of your decor as well as the part of the home you touch the most. Think of it like your skin, it is the largest organ of the body and what people see of you first. You want it looking great. A good-looking floor is the stage for the rest of your home, and therefore sets the scene for your decor scheme. A great floor should be comfortable, practical, and beautiful. With any of these flooring trends, you can have your home updated and looking perfect in no time at all.